FGM is practised by the Dawoodi Bohra, a sect of Shia Islam with one million members in India. Known as khatna, khafz, and khafd, the procedure is performed on six- or seven-year-old girls and involves the total or partial removal of the clitoral hood.
- Female genital mutilation (FGM) is practised in India by some Islamic groups. The procedure is generally performed when a girl is seven years old and involves the total or partial removal of the clitoral hood. Consequences of FGM may range from discomfort to sepsis.
FGM in India is practiced mainly in the Bohra community. It is commonly known that Muslims are divided into two sects: Sunnis and Shias. The Bohras belong to the Shia sect. They are found in many parts of India, notably in Gujarat, Rajasthan]
- 1 Where is FGM accepted?
- 2 Which country has the highest rate of FGM?
- 3 What is the aim of FGM?
- 4 How long do you go to jail for FGM?
- 5 What are the signs of FGM?
- 6 Is FGM legal in Yemen?
- 7 What does clitoridectomy mean?
- 8 Is FGM legal in Saudi Arabia?
- 9 How does FGM affect childbirth?
- 10 What is female circumcision in Ethiopia?
- 11 What is female circumcision in Egypt?
- 12 Why do they do breast ironing?
- 13 Is FGM illegal in UK?
- 14 What is an FGM protection order?
- 15 What does the law say about FGM?
Where is FGM accepted?
Girls and women who have undergone FGM live predominately in sub-Saharan Africa and the Arab States, but FGM is also practiced in select countries in Asia, Eastern Europe and Latin America. It is also practiced among migrant populations throughout Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand. (See more.)
Which country has the highest rate of FGM?
In a 2013 UNICEF report covering 29 countries in Africa and the Middle East, Egypt had the region’s highest total number of women that have undergone FGM (27.2 million), while Somalia had the highest percentage (prevalence) of FGM (98%). The world’s first known campaign against FGM took place in Egypt in the 1920s.
What is the aim of FGM?
FGM is often motivated by beliefs about what is considered acceptable sexual behaviour. It aims to ensure premarital virginity and marital fidelity. FGM is in many communities believed to reduce a woman’s libido and therefore believed to help her resist extramarital sexual acts.
How long do you go to jail for FGM?
It replaced the Prohibition of Female Circumcision Act 1985, extending the ban on female genital mutilation to address the practice of taking girls abroad to undergo FGM procedures, and increased the maximum penalty from 5 to 14 years ‘ imprisonment.
What are the signs of FGM?
Signs that FGM might have taken place: Difficulty or discomfort walking, standing or sitting. Complaints of pain between legs. Spending longer than normal in the bathroom or toilet (due to difficulties urinating) Appearing quiet, anxious, or depressed.
Is FGM legal in Yemen?
There is no law against FGM /FGC in Yemen. A ministerial decree effective January 9, 2001, however, prohibits the practice in both government and private health facilities. Protection: We are unaware of any groups that would offer support or protection for a woman or girl against this practice.
What does clitoridectomy mean?
Clitoridectomy or clitorectomy is the surgical removal, reduction, or partial removal of the clitoris. It is rarely used as a therapeutic medical procedure, such as when cancer has developed in or spread to the clitoris. Commonly, non-medical removal of the clitoris is performed during female genital mutilation (FGM).
Is FGM legal in Saudi Arabia?
It is interesting to note that although FGM /C is not allowed in hospitals or clinics in Saudi Arabia, Saudi women were just as likely as any other nationality group to have had the procedure performed by a physician, nurse or midwife; and just as likely to have undergone the procedure in a hospital or clinic.
How does FGM affect childbirth?
2 June 2006 | Geneva – A new study published by the World Health Organization (WHO) has shown that women who have had Female Genital Mutilation ( FGM ) are significantly more likely to experience difficulties during childbirth and that their babies are more likely to die as a result of the practice.
What is female circumcision in Ethiopia?
Female genital mutilation ( FGM ), also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision, is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia. The practice is found in Africa, Asia and the Middle East, and within communities from countries in which FGM is common.
What is female circumcision in Egypt?
Most Egyptian women are circumcised in the first or second degrees. The practice probably originated in Pharaonic Egypt, in which it was invested with mythological significance. Islamic tradition has reinforced the practice because of the belief that it attenuates sexual desire in women. The legal status is ambiguous.
Why do they do breast ironing?
The practice is typically performed by a close female figure to the victim, traditionally fulfilled by a mother, grandmother, aunt, or female guardian who will say she is trying to protect the girl from sexual harassment and rape, to prevent early pregnancy that would tarnish the family name, preventing the spread of
Is FGM illegal in UK?
FGM is illegal in the UK. It’s an offence to: perform FGM (including taking a child abroad for FGM ) help a girl perform FGM on herself in or outside the UK.
What is an FGM protection order?
Female Genital Mutilation Protection Orders (FGMPOs) offer a legal means to protect and safeguard victims and potential victims of FGM. FGMPOs are granted by a court and are unique to each case. They contain conditions to protect a victim or potential victim from FGM.
What does the law say about FGM?
FGM is a criminal offence. It is a form of violence against women and girls, and in the latter case it is child abuse. All CPS decisions – whether to charge or to advise no further action (NFA) – must be approved by a Director of Legal Services and all cases notified to the DLS Team upon receipt from the police.