India is a vast country. Lying entirely in the Northern hemisphere (Figure 1.1) the main land extends between latitudes 8°4’N and 37°6’N and longitudes 68°7’E and 97°25’E.
The latitude and longitude of India are 20′ North and 77′ East respectively. India is the seventh largest country in the world and also ranks second in population. Surrounded by Bangladesh, Burma, Bhutan, China, Nepal and Pakistan, India covers an area of 3,287,590 sq km.
- 1 How many longitudes are there in India?
- 2 Where is India located longitude and latitude?
- 3 How do you read latitude and longitude in India?
- 4 What is India latitudinal and longitudinal extent?
- 5 Which place is called Greenwich of India?
- 6 What are the 2 main lines of longitude?
- 7 How India is formed?
- 8 Which is the prime meridian of India?
- 9 How are states divided in India?
- 10 How is Earth time calculated?
- 11 Is latitude vertical or horizontal?
- 12 Is Latitude up and down?
- 13 What is the significance of Tropic of Cancer to India?
- 14 What is the extent of India?
- 15 What are the longitudinal limits of India?
How many longitudes are there in India?
Explanation. India is located in the northern hemisphere of the world. From the extends south to north, the mainland of India extends between 8°4’N and 37°6’N latitudes. From the other extends west to east, India extends between 68°7’E and 97°25’E longitudes.
Where is India located longitude and latitude?
How do you read latitude and longitude in India?
The line of longitude is read as 2 degrees (2°), 10 minutes (10′), 26.5 seconds (12.2”) east. The line of latitude is read as 41 degrees (41), 24.2028 minutes (24.2028) north. The coordinate for the line of latitude represents north of the Equator because it is positive.
What is India latitudinal and longitudinal extent?
The latitudinal and longitudinal extent of India is about 30o. The North-South extent is 3214 km and East-West extent is 2933 km. The longitudinal extent of India is 68 degrees 7′ E and 97 degrees 25′ E whereas the latitudinal extent of India is 8 degree 4′ N and 36 degrees 7′ N.
Which place is called Greenwich of India?
As per the Surya Siddhanta, a 4th-century astronomical treatise, Ujjain is geographically situated at the precise spot where the zero meridian of longitude and the Tropic of Cancer intersect. This is why it was considered the navel of the earth, and is called the “Greenwich of India”.
What are the 2 main lines of longitude?
Longitude is measured by imaginary lines that run around the Earth vertically (up and down) and meet at the North and South Poles. These lines are known as meridians. Each meridian measures one arcdegree of longitude. The distance around the Earth measures 360 degrees.
How India is formed?
About 225 million years ago, India was a large island still situated off the Australian coast, and a vast ocean (called Tethys Sea) separated India from the Asian continent. When Pangaea broke apart about 200 million years ago, India began to forge northward.
Which is the prime meridian of India?
To avoid this confusion a longitude passing through the midpoint of 68o 7′ East (western most longitude) and 97o 25′ East (eastern most longitude) is taken as the standard prime meridian of India (i.e. 82o30′).
How are states divided in India?
India is a federal union comprising 28 states and 8 union territories, for a total of 36 entities. The states and union territories are further subdivided into districts and smaller administrative divisions.
How is Earth time calculated?
Based on the rotation of the Earth, time can be measured by observing celestial bodies crossing the meridian every day. Astronomers found that it was more accurate to establish time by observing stars as they crossed a meridian rather than by observing the position of the Sun in the sky.
Is latitude vertical or horizontal?
The horizontal lines are latitude and the vertical lines are longitude.
Is Latitude up and down?
Introduce the concepts of latitude and longitude. Tell students that the lines running across the page are lines of latitude, and the lines running up and down the page are lines of longitude. Latitude runs 0–90° north and south. Longitude runs 0–180° east and west.
What is the significance of Tropic of Cancer to India?
Answer: The Tropic of Cancer is the circle marking the latitude 23.5 degrees north, where the sun is directly overhead at noon on June 21, the beginning of summer in the northern hemisphere. The Tropic of Cancer divides India into two halves. The northern half lies in the temperate zone and experiences cool winters.
What is the extent of India?
It is the seventh-largest country in the world, with a total area of 3,287,263 square kilometres (1,269,219 sq mi). India measures 3,214 km (1,997 mi) from north to south and 2,933 km (1,822 mi) from east to west.
What are the longitudinal limits of India?
The longitudinal extent of India is 68 degree 7′ E and 97 degree 25′ E whereas the latitudinal extent of India is 8 degree 4′ N and 36 degree 7′ N.