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What was one change established by the british raj in india?

What changes did the East India Company bring to India?

As more land came under the Company’s control it increased taxes, forcing many local people to stop growing food to support themselves, and instead grow ‘cash crops’, which could be sold to raise cash for taxes. This was often opium, which the East India Company traded for Chinese tea.

How did India benefit from British rule?

The British view tended to portray British rule as a charitable exercise – they suffered India’s environment (eg climate, diseases) in order to bring to India good government and economic development (eg railways, irrigation, medicine). Modern admirers of British rule also note these benefits.

What made British leave India?

The country was deeply divided along religious lines. In 1946-47, as independence grew closer, tensions turned into terrible violence between Muslims and Hindus. In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).

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How did British rule influence Indian culture?

British often showed disrespect for India’s cultural heritage. However, India also saw a cultural revival with the creation of a British college and a local publishing house was opened. This also led to a search for a new identity and a modern literary expansion.

Who was the first Viceroy of India?

… restored by the firmness of Charles John Canning (later Earl Canning ), first viceroy of India (governed… On November 1, 1858, Lord Canning (governed 1856–62) announced Queen Victoria’s proclamation to “the… …

Why did EIC come to India?

The East India Company was initially created in 1600 to serve as a trading body for English merchants, specifically to participate in the East Indian spice trade. It later added such items as cotton, silk, indigo, saltpeter, tea, and opium to its wares and also participated in the slave trade.

Who looted India most?

Indians paid the price for British prosperity The city center is full of old buildings, enormous statues, and beautiful gardens. But the British built all that with the blood and sweat of people from India and other colonies. The British drained India of $45 trillion between 1765 and 1940.

How many Indians did the British kill?

Deprivation kills and it is estimated that 1.8 billion Indians died avoidably from egregious deprivation under the British ( 1757-1947 ).

Who ruled India before the British?

The Mughals ruled over a population in India that was two-thirds Hindu, and the earlier spiritual teachings of the Vedic tradition remained influential in Indian values and philosophy. The early Mughal empire was a tolerant place. Unlike the preceding civilisations, the Mughals controlled a vast area of India .

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Does India still pay royalty to England?

The British Company still earns a royalty of 1 crore 20 lakhs from India every year. The Rail Budget was also released with the Union Budget. Since the Modi government came to power, the two budgets have been merged to be presented together.

Why did England give freedom to India?

During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. Nonetheless, in an earlier bid to win Congress support, Britain had promised to give India full independence once the war was over. Britain hoped that a self-governing India would remain part of the imperial defence.

How was India before British rule?

Before British Rule (1858) Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. They Brought trade and influence into the country basically owning the global textile trade.

What were the consequences of British rule in India quizlet?

What were the consequences of the British rule in India ? British rule was degrading, and supported the need of Britain . Lack of food led to starvation of Indian people, and nationalist perspectives taken up by native Indians.

What were the sources of conflict between the British and the Indian people?

Indian distrust of the British was one reason that led to conflicts and revolts. It was also communicated that the cartridges of the rifles were greased with cow and pig fat. The cow was sacred to the Hindu while the pig was a taboo to the Muslims. This angered the Muslims.

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How did the British Raj shape Indian society?

The main purpose of the British Raj was of course to gain economic profit and political control, but it also managed to unify the subcontinent, introduce western education, a centralized administrative system, a network of railways, etc.

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